Map of the Oceans

The first step when learning about the oceans is to name them.  Use this printable to label and color a Map of the Oceans. There are five oceans and many seas around the world.  The five oceans are Atlantic, Arctic, Pacific, Indian, and Antarctic.  The Antarctic Ocean is also called the Southern Ocean.  Use a student atlas to find the location and label the oceans.  You can also label some of the larger seas.  After you label the oceans color the oceans. Library List Here are some books on oceans that we like.  Click on the covers to view the books on Amazon.        Search at your library for these topics: oceans, ocean floor, coral reef, ocean animals, whales, dolphins, sharks, fish Additional Layers Oceans affect the global climate and weather patterns, learn more about how. Learn about some ocean explorers like Ernest Shackleton, Wilem Barents, and Lief Ericson. Learn about … Keep on reading

Decanting a Liquid in Chemistry and an Experiment

Decanting is pouring off the clear part of the liquid, leaving behind the sediment.  When doing a lime-water test for carbon dioxide you need to decant the clear lime-water from the portion with the sediment. This video shows how to decant a liquid. Lime Water Experiment The experiment we did was very simple.  You just need pickling lime, which you can get wherever canning supplies are sold, in Wal Mart or grocery stores, and distilled water. Pour enough distilled water into a jar or flask to fill it three quarters full. Add 2 Tablespoons pickling lime. Put a lid on the jar or a stopper on the flask.  Shake it up to dissolve and mix. Let it sit overnight. Decant the clear liquid into a beaker or another jar, leaving the sediment behind. Using a straw, blow into the clear liquid in the beaker. The lime-water in the beaker will … Keep on reading

Homemade Thermometer

We use thermometers all the time.  We measure the temperature outside so we know whether or not to wear a jacket, the temperature in our oven as we bake, and our own body temperature when we think we might be getting sick.  They are simple devices, but incredibly useful ones.  You can make a model homemade thermometer to show how thermometers work.  All you need are a few everyday household items. You’ll need: a clean, clear, empty water bottle a clear straw play-doh or clay rubbing alcohol water a hair dryer (or tubs of very hot and very cold water) red food coloring (optional, but it makes the liquid level more visible)  Here’s what you do: Start by filling the bottle halfway with water.  Fill the remaining half with rubbing alcohol.  We added red food dye at this point to dye the water and alcohol red so it would be … Keep on reading

Velocity

In this experiment you can actually see velocity at work.  Velocity is speed plus direction.  A car traveling in a straight line at a constant speed has a constant velocity, but if the car turns around a curve in the road then the velocity changes, even if the speed stays the same.  Or a car that is changing in speed, even if it continues in the same direction, has a changing velocity.  A car with both a changing speed and changing direction also has a change in velocity.  A change in velocity is an acceleration, even if only the direction changes and not the speed. Velocity Experiment This is an apparatus that will allow you to see changes in velocity. You need a: 2 liter bottle cork push pin string water Fill the bottle with water. Attach a string to the cork with a push pin then tie the other … Keep on reading

Planets Coloring Book

Our solar system is amazing.  Studying it with kids leads to limitless possibilities.   To get your solar system exploration started, here’s a planets coloring book for you: The Planets in Our Solar System Coloring Book.  It covers the eight planets of our solar system.  It includes a handwriting line to practice writing the planet’s name, and also some interesting facts about each one. Fabulous Facts About The Planets While kids are coloring, you can learn even more with these fabulous planets facts. Mercury  If you wanted to stay up for one Mercury day, you would have to stay up for 176 Earth days. Even though it’s very close to the sun, it may have ice at its north and south poles. Temperature varies a lot on Mercury, from 797 degrees F to -279 degrees F. The sun sometimes rises twice in the same day, due to Mercury’s slow rotation and … Keep on reading

A Tree For The Birds

My kids have been playing in the snow every afternoon lately.  It’s been cold and blustery, but it doesn’t slow them down much. We’ve noticed that there is a family of little birds in our front yard too.  They were too shy to have their pictures taken, but they are flitting around here and singing their little winter songs. We decided to give them a little winter treat.  Yep, we’d trim a tree for the birds.  We started by making a popcorn and cranberry garland.  Then we gathered some pinecones and spread peanut butter all over them. And then rolled them in birdseed. We tied a string around each one so it could hang on the branches of our tree for the birds. Then we went to work on some birdseed ornaments.  We mixed up some birdseed batter. It’s made by combining 1/2 cup water, 2 Tbsp. corn syrup, 3/4 … Keep on reading

Hot Air Balloons

Hot air rises.  If you trap the hot air, you can get it to lift a balloon into the air.  Here is how to make a tissue paper hot air balloon. Gather Your Supplies You need paper clips tissue paper school glue thin wire wire cutters scrap of light cotton fabric wax & matches or lighter scissors pencil poster board ruler Cut Out the Balloon Shape Layer four pieces of tissue paper on top of one another, fold them all in half and use paper clips to secure the pieces together on the folded side.  Then cut a balloon shape similar to the one below through all layers of tissue paper.  It doesn’t matter if the shape is just so, it just needs to be a general balloon shape and as large as your paper will allow.  At the bottom you should leave 4 inches of “stem” for the bottom … Keep on reading

Pop Bottle Ecosystem

We are going to show you how to make a Pop Bottle Ecosytem to help your kids learn about systems and how life is interconnected.  We’ll also share a little lesson on responsibility at the end.  But first . . . What Is An Ecosystem? A system is a set of interconnected processes that depend on each other for their function.  An ecosystem is a particular interconnected zone where life exists.  It includes the air, the water, the soil, the animals, the plants, and the bacteria in that zone.  The space an ecosystem takes up depends on how a person defines it.  The entire Amazon rain forest could be an ecosystem, but so could the life cradled in the water trapped in a single leaf high in the canopy of the rain forest.  When scientists start to talk about a particular ecosystem they define the area they are talking about. … Keep on reading

Reptiles Exploration

What is a reptile? Here are a few things you’ll expect to see in the class reptilia: They are cold-blooded animals. Most lay eggs (the exceptions include boas and several other snakes) They have scaly, dry skin.  Sometimes they have hard outer shells, like turtles and tortoises. They have much smaller brains compared with mammals. They breathe air. Reptiles live on every continent except Antarctica.  Because they are cold blooded they don’t need to eat as much food as warm blooded animals (like us!).  Instead they rely on their environment to maintain their temperature.  They don’t rely on their own energy to do it. Snakes Snakes are reptiles without legs.  They slither along by flexing their bodies.  Some snakes have over 300 pairs of rib bones.  Most of them aren’t poisonous, but constrictors can be just as deadly anyway.  They wrap themselves around their prey and squeeze so tightly that … Keep on reading

Life Cycle of a Spider

Spiders are arthropods.  They have a hard exoskeleton.  But they’re not insects because they have eight legs instead of six.  They are in their own class: Arachnida.  Arachnids are predators and carnivores.  They often kill their prey with poison and then spit digestive juices from their stomachs onto the body of their dead prey, dissolving it before sucking up the pre-digested juices.  Learn about the life cycle of a spider with us. Black Widow Life Cycle Black widow spiders mate in spring and early summer.  The male is about half the size of the female.  Though the black widow does sometimes eat her mate after breeding, this is not always or even usually the case.  When the female black widow does feed on her mate it is because she is low in nutrients and needs the energy. After mating, the female black widow weaves a round or pear shaped nest … Keep on reading